.                                               The Victorian Period and The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde: A Time of Change


          The Victorian period is a time of scientific, economic and social change that took place from 1837 to 1901. The flourishing England ruled by Queen Victoria was the main setting for this significant slice of human history . During this time, the Londonians witnessed how the quiet streets became crowded with newcomers and how the crumbling buildings grew taller, but more attractive. There were also breakthroughs in science which are relevant still today. And as a result of social constraint, ladies and gentlemen would unleash their socially undesirable behaviors. In the midst of all this turmoil,  In 1887, Robert Louis Stevenson published The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, a short novel that conveys three important aspects of the Victorian period: the advancement in science, the economic growth, and the awake of socially repressed feelings and behaviors.

      A distinguishing aspect of the Victorian period that is plainly evident in The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is the advancement in science. As the Victorian period was unfolding, the growing scientific community devoted their time to study new breakthroughs and discoveries. In a similar way, Dr. Jekyll, one of the main characters of Stevenson’s short novel, was a dedicated scientist. In his laboratory, there were “tables laden with chemical apparatus, and the floor [was] strewn with crates and littered with packing straw” (Stevenson 69). It is precisely during the Victorian period that scientist “ Thomas Graham “invented the “Graham’s Law" about the diffusion of gases, and [he] is widely considered the father of colloid chemistry” (“Thomas Graham” 1). Also, Charles Darwin published the Origin of Species in 1855, which would cause a major shift in the course of science. As a parallel, Dr. Jekyll, though in fiction, invents a potion to change his physical appearance and become younger. Hence, the story vividly depicts the events that were taking place in the science field during the nineteenth century.

     As it is portrayed in the Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, the attempts to conceal socially questionable behaviors led members of the higher class to display a double identity during the Victorian period. Dr. Jekyll is described as a wealthy and righteous man; “he had always been known for charities,” the narrator explains  “he was no less distinguished for religion. He was busy, he was much in the open air, he did good” (Stevenson 56). Despite his reputation and rectitude, Dr. Jekyll successfully created a potion under which effects he became a different person. Whenever he used the potion, Dr. Jekyll would turn into Mr. Hyde, who was described in the text as displeasing and detestable.  The chemist had repressed socially prohibited behaviors all his life, but decided to change and obtain freedom by becoming somebody else. Mr. Hyde, he a victim of neither prejudice nor persecution for his actions. Like Dr. Jekyll, Victorians from the upper classes would engage in unaccepted behaviors. In the 1880’s there was a sex scandal that involved people belonging to the upper classes. The married son of an industrialist gentleman had an affair with a young woman. There is evidence that “it was shortly after their marriage and early in Marth a's pregnancy that Haywood began an affair with Elizabeth, daughter of George Higginbottom, a manager at the Beatson Clark glassmaking firm” (Brooke 1). The infidelity of this man was kept as a secret; otherwise, he would have gone through a real nightmare. Mr. Haywood and other women and men like Dr. Jekyll, decided to be part of the starting  change in morality view during the late Victorian period.

      In the literary text The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, London is implicitly described as a growing city, which can be related to the actual economic growth that England in general was undergoing.  In fact, at the peak of the European booming industry, when the text was written, England was building a rather healthy economy, partially induced by the industrial revolution. According to Professor Roger Burt at  the University of Exeter, United Kingdom; “Overall the [British] economy trebled in size between 1870 and 1913, people became much better off, and it showed in all sorts of social indicators”(Burt 1). The fact that the British economy grew three times during the late Victorian period meant that the infrastructure would  also improve. In Stevenson’s short novel, there is a blending of new and old buildings. Furthermore, in The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde the city has light posts, banks, and police officers  which are social indicators of a growing economy. In general, the Victorians were undergoing a significant change in their economic power.

     The Victorian period marked a time in history during which the society  in England underwent abrupt changes. Science played an important role during the nineteenth century because much of the aspiration for scientific knowledge was triggered at that time. The view of morality started to change, and people timidly started to engage into socially questionable behaviors. The economy grew considerably during the nineteenth century, as a result of the industrial revolution. Finally, in the light of factual information and the aspects analyzed from the text The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, the Victorian period was a stepping stone for the scientific, social, and economic development of England and Europe in 1800’s.

Works Cited

Brooke, Chris. “The Victorian sex scandal: 1874 contract reveals how cheating husband

bought teenage lover's silence after she fell pregnant.” Mail Online 11 December 2008 <>

Burt, Roger. (2003).  “British Economic and Social History 1750-1914.” School of Social,

Political, and Sociological Studies. Retrieved 26 September, 2012


Stevenson, Robert. The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Etext Center. Retrieved

23 September 2011 <



“Thomas Graham”  Retrieved 25 September , 2012  <>


3/19/2014 10:42:23 am

Hello, young student. I happened on your blog as I was preparing a std to research a topic on J&H. I commend you on your study of the English language and wonder if in the interim you have begun the study of yet a new language, chiefly, Arabic or Russian, and Italian. Your post of the J&H essay is old enough that having reread it you see room for editing. I am sure that Costa Rica is producing a corps of world class writers. The Victorian Era was a scintillating example of excess, and remains a fecund period for writers, especially crime writers. Perhaps you will go to England and explore the streets of old London. suzan w.

1/29/2016 05:07:42 am

that is ridiculously wrong you idiot get it right i hate you

Henry Widdicombe
1/29/2016 05:09:08 am

you seem quite fat

9/30/2015 04:23:19 am

Just happened upon your essay. I am teaching ESL in Bonita Springs, Florida. I have decided to read a heavily abridged copy of J&H with my class. I was searching for a brief explanation of the Victorian Era. This is excellent. I am not tech savvy and cant figure out how to print it.

10/29/2015 11:22:26 am

Awesome work dude. I might use some ideas in my own essay. Ideas, not examples, words, or text. Just the really broad ideas. Maybe. You really lit some up in my head. Thanks

1/12/2016 04:18:15 am

ur website is sssssssssssoooooooooooo crap

4/1/2016 01:16:55 am

I enjoyed your explanation of The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll & Mr. Hyde. It is interesting how a lot of the issues Victorians faced, still exist today. Keep up the good work!

Mohak Issar
7/16/2016 08:17:26 am

Thanks man, really helped!

10/25/2016 04:57:18 am

per me è gianni morandi

10/27/2016 06:19:15 pm

you suck

1/6/2017 01:48:00 am

hiya, really crap

Philip Glancey
1/8/2017 01:50:19 pm

Really intresting and thorough analysis of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.

1/25/2017 01:31:15 am

i like tortillas and kids

1/25/2017 01:34:42 am

This website is by far the WORST summary of Jekyll and Hyde i have ever encountered, your grammar is diabolical, your spelling is utterly shit and you look like a mexican jiggalo

1/25/2017 01:35:30 am

please help i am held hostage by a mexican pedo

M Rod
1/25/2017 01:38:04 am

anyone want to do a lime water experiment? ;)

jizz man
1/25/2017 01:41:12 am

My jizz is solid and my asshole is stiff

james r. spalding
1/25/2017 01:41:58 am

hi i like your website cutie xoxox want bum sex?

james spalding
1/25/2017 01:42:54 am

any men want a free blowjob? ring this number 01623459513

james spalding
1/25/2017 01:43:50 am

tickle me ;) boys xx

bird davis
1/25/2017 01:44:58 am

thnx for tripping me over josh u twat

1/26/2017 01:54:28 am

no problem big bird

1/26/2017 01:55:16 am

hi guys ur course work is gonna be shit

1/26/2017 02:10:32 am

\hello to all living blackheads seeking refuge,you are all welcome to root yoursef in my face/

1/26/2017 02:11:02 am

'''''Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde''''' is a [[novella]] by the Cunish author [[Robert Louis Stevenson]] first published in 500bc. The work is also known as '''''The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde''''', '''''Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde''''', or simply '''''Jekyll & Hyde'''''.<ref>ja published the book as ''Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde'' (without "The"), for reasons unknown, but it has been supposed to increase the "Erection" of the case (Richard Dury (2005)). Later publishers added "The" to make it grammatically wank, but it was not the author's original intent to rape women. The story is often known today simply as ''Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde'' or even ''Jekyll and Hyde''.</ref> It is about a London lawyer named Gabriel John Fuckface who investigates strange occurrences between his old gay lover, Dr Henry Jekyll,<ref>{{IPAc-en|ˈ|dʒ|iː|k|əl}} is the [[Scots language|Scots]] pronunciation of the name, but {{IPAc-en|ˈ|dʒ|ɛ|k|əl}} is the accepted general pronunciation.</ref><ref>{{cite

1/26/2017 02:11:10 am

ok master i love you

4/27/2017 08:11:44 am

I love the way this story represents cock in my ass and how putting jello in your asshole is safe too !!!

9/7/2017 03:21:44 am

Short and precise,my kind of style.Its awesome,I loved it cause it made my studying very easy...

12/4/2017 06:46:13 pm

thanks man this is really helpful

8/27/2018 08:07:05 pm

es muy perfecto. Me guste el papel mucho.

Big Chungus
3/11/2019 06:18:01 pm

i highkey wanna commit soduku rn

3/12/2019 07:50:13 pm

Muy bien el papel. Me gusta mucho.


Leave a Reply.